Tilla Pheran

A phiran is a traditional Kashmiri dress worn by both men and women. An anti-fit is typically composed of woollen fabric, such as tweed, and features deep pockets, a length that falls just below the knees, and slits that may or may not be present. It comes with a soft removable lining. It is constructed of cotton or lighter fabric and has the same dimensions as the pheran. They give double layer insulation and added warmth when worn one over the other.

It also prevents the pheran from being burned by Kangri, a ceramic fire pot that is an important part of the winter landscape. Because it feels like your own weighted blanket, Pheran is also known as the winter cloak. You wrap yourself in a Kangri, tuck your arms and legs into a Pheran, and withdraw from the world. Men's pherans are typically basic, however women's pherans are made of diverse materials and fashioned with various embroidery.

Tilla Dozi is a well-known embroidered work that was used to design them, and the Pherans who wore it were known as Tilla Pherans. Strings of white, red, yellow, golden, and silver metallic threads are braided in exquisite designs on the Pherans in Tilla Pherans. A Tilla Pheran must be included in a bride's wardan (trousseau). It's also an important element of the wedding attire, as Kashmiri tradition dictates that brides wear Pheran for their aab shehrun (a ceremonial bath). With so much history and culture behind it, one thing is certain: fashion may come and go, but Tilla Pheran is here to stay.


Karakuli, Kashmir’s regal cap, symbolises honour and dignity for Kashmiris. The term Karakul comes from the 'Qarakul' sheep breed, which is native to Central or West Asia. It is manufactured from the skin of Karakul sheep and lambs, as the name implies. Russia's native headgear is the karakuli. Central Asians and Afghans acquired it from there. It made its way to Kashmir from Afghanistan as part of the Afghan invasion. Karakulli made his way from Uzbekistan's Bukhara to Central Asia and Afghanistan, eventually becoming an inseparable part of Kashmir's culture.

It has a traditional importance at Kashmiri weddings since the bridal party is required to give it to the bridegroom. It is a source of pride for Kashmiris, and children are not permitted to wear it. This could be because its elegance is compared to that of a crown worn by Kashmir's noblemen in the past. For centuries it has adorned the head of several Kashmiri leaders, including Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah, Mirza Beigh, Ghulam Ahmad Bakshi, Mirza Moulvi Yousuf Shah, Farooq Abdullah, and even Omar Abdullah.

Even if it has increasingly found its way onto ordinary men’s heads, it is still a pricey headgear. The price ranges between INR 5000 and 50000 for this beautiful Kashmiri Dress. The higher the price, the better the quality and texture of the fur used to produce the Karakul hat. Characterized by a lightweight, smoothness having tight curls, velvety texture and glossy sheen, a Karakulli is a fashion statement in itself. All in all, it’s a prized cap for Kashmiris and rightly so.